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社會主義核心價值觀

據2013年12月23日新華社電(dian) 中央辦公廳印發《關于培育和(he)踐行社會主(zhu)義核心價值觀(guan)的意見》,將24字核心價值觀(guan)分成3個層(ceng)面:

國家層(ceng)面(mian): 富強(qiang) 民(min)主 文明(ming) 和諧

社(she)會(hui)層面: 自由(you) 平等(deng) 公正 法治

公民層面: 愛國 敬業 誠信 友善(shan)

“富(fu)強(qiang)(qiang)、民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)、文(wen)明、和(he)(he)諧(xie)(xie)”,是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)我國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)現(xian)(xian)(xian)代化(hua)(hua)(hua)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)設(she)(she)目(mu)(mu)標(biao),也是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)從價值(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)目(mu)(mu)標(biao)層(ceng)(ceng)面(mian)(mian)對社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)核(he)心價值(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)觀(guan)(guan)基(ji)本(ben)理(li)念的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)凝練,在(zai)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)核(he)心價值(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)觀(guan)(guan)中(zhong)(zhong)居(ju)于(yu)最高層(ceng)(ceng)次,對其(qi)他層(ceng)(ceng)次的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)價值(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)理(li)念具有(you)(you)統領作用。富(fu)強(qiang)(qiang)即國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)富(fu)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)強(qiang)(qiang),是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)現(xian)(xian)(xian)代化(hua)(hua)(hua)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)經濟建(jian)設(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)應然狀(zhuang)態(tai),是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)華(hua)(hua)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)族(zu)夢寐以求的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)美(mei)好(hao)夙愿,也是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)繁榮昌盛、人民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)幸(xing)福安康(kang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)物質基(ji)礎。民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)人類社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)美(mei)好(hao)訴(su)求。我們追求的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)人民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu),其(qi)實質和(he)(he)核(he)心是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)人民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)當家(jia)(jia)作主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)。它(ta)(ta)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)命,也是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)創(chuang)造人民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)美(mei)好(hao)幸(xing)福生(sheng)活的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)政治(zhi)(zhi)保(bao)(bao)障。文(wen)明是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)進(jin)步的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重要標(biao)志,也是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)現(xian)(xian)(xian)代化(hua)(hua)(hua)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重要特征。它(ta)(ta)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)現(xian)(xian)(xian)代化(hua)(hua)(hua)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)建(jian)設(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)應有(you)(you)狀(zhuang)態(tai),是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)對面(mian)(mian)向(xiang)現(xian)(xian)(xian)代化(hua)(hua)(hua)、面(mian)(mian)向(xiang)世界(jie)、面(mian)(mian)向(xiang)未來的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de),民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)族(zu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)科學(xue)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)大眾(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)概括,是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)實現(xian)(xian)(xian)中(zhong)(zhong)華(hua)(hua)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)族(zu)偉大復(fu)興的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重要支撐(cheng)。和(he)(he)諧(xie)(xie)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)傳統文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)基(ji)本(ben)理(li)念,集中(zhong)(zhong)體現(xian)(xian)(xian)了學(xue)有(you)(you)所(suo)(suo)(suo)教、勞有(you)(you)所(suo)(suo)(suo)得、病有(you)(you)所(suo)(suo)(suo)醫(yi)、老有(you)(you)所(suo)(suo)(suo)養(yang)、住有(you)(you)所(suo)(suo)(suo)居(ju)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)動局面(mian)(mian)。它(ta)(ta)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)現(xian)(xian)(xian)代化(hua)(hua)(hua)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)在(zai)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)建(jian)設(she)(she)領域的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)價值(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)訴(su)求,是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)經濟社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)和(he)(he)諧(xie)(xie)穩定、持續(xu)健康(kang)發展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重要保(bao)(bao)證。文(wen)明、和(he)(he)諧(xie)(xie),倡導自由(you)、平(ping)等、公正、法治(zhi)(zhi),倡導愛(ai)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)、敬業(ye)、誠信、友善,積極培育和(he)(he)踐行社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)核(he)心價值(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)觀(guan)(guan)。富(fu)強(qiang)(qiang)、民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)、文(wen)明、和(he)(he)諧(xie)(xie)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)層(ceng)(ceng)面(mian)(mian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)價值(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)目(mu)(mu)標(biao),自由(you)、平(ping)等、公正、法治(zhi)(zhi)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)層(ceng)(ceng)面(mian)(mian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)價值(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)取向(xiang),愛(ai)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)、敬業(ye)、誠信、友善是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)公民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)個(ge)人層(ceng)(ceng)面(mian)(mian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)價值(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)準則,這24個(ge)字是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)核(he)心價值(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)觀(guan)(guan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)基(ji)本(ben)內容。

“自(zi)(zi)由(you)、平(ping)(ping)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)、公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)正(zheng)、法治(zhi)(zhi)”,是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)對美好社(she)會(hui)的(de)生動表述,也(ye)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)從社(she)會(hui)層面對社(she)會(hui)主(zhu)義(yi)(yi)核心(xin)價(jia)值(zhi)觀基(ji)本(ben)(ben)(ben)(ben)理念的(de)凝練。它(ta)反映了中國(guo)(guo)(guo)特色社(she)會(hui)主(zhu)義(yi)(yi)的(de)基(ji)本(ben)(ben)(ben)(ben)屬(shu)性,是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)我們黨矢志(zhi)(zhi)不渝、長期實踐(jian)的(de)核心(xin)價(jia)值(zhi)理念。自(zi)(zi)由(you)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)指人(ren)(ren)(ren)的(de)意志(zhi)(zhi)自(zi)(zi)由(you)、存在和(he)(he)發展的(de)自(zi)(zi)由(you),是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)人(ren)(ren)(ren)類社(she)會(hui)的(de)美好向往,也(ye)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)馬克思主(zhu)義(yi)(yi)追求(qiu)的(de)社(she)會(hui)價(jia)值(zhi)目標。平(ping)(ping)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)指的(de)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)民(min)(min)在法律面前的(de)一律平(ping)(ping)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng),其價(jia)值(zhi)取(qu)向是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)不斷實現實質(zhi)平(ping)(ping)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)。它(ta)要求(qiu)尊重和(he)(he)保(bao)障人(ren)(ren)(ren)權,人(ren)(ren)(ren)人(ren)(ren)(ren)依法享有(you)平(ping)(ping)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)參與、平(ping)(ping)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)發展的(de)權利。公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)正(zheng)即社(she)會(hui)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)平(ping)(ping)和(he)(he)正(zheng)義(yi)(yi),它(ta)以人(ren)(ren)(ren)的(de)解放(fang)、人(ren)(ren)(ren)的(de)自(zi)(zi)由(you)平(ping)(ping)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)權利的(de)獲得為前提,是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)國(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)、社(she)會(hui)應然的(de)根本(ben)(ben)(ben)(ben)價(jia)值(zhi)理念。法治(zhi)(zhi)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)治(zhi)(zhi)國(guo)(guo)(guo)理政(zheng)(zheng)的(de)基(ji)本(ben)(ben)(ben)(ben)方式,依法治(zhi)(zhi)國(guo)(guo)(guo)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)會(hui)主(zhu)義(yi)(yi)民(min)(min)主(zhu)政(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)的(de)基(ji)本(ben)(ben)(ben)(ben)要求(qiu)。它(ta)通過法制(zhi)建設來維護(hu)和(he)(he)保(bao)障公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)民(min)(min)的(de)根本(ben)(ben)(ben)(ben)利益,是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)實現自(zi)(zi)由(you)平(ping)(ping)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)、公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)平(ping)(ping)正(zheng)義(yi)(yi)的(de)制(zhi)度保(bao)證。

“愛(ai)國(guo)(guo)、敬(jing)業、誠(cheng)(cheng)信、友善(shan)(shan)”,是(shi)(shi)公(gong)民(min)(min)基(ji)(ji)本(ben)道(dao)德規范,是(shi)(shi)從個人(ren)(ren)行(xing)為(wei)層面對社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義核心價值觀基(ji)(ji)本(ben)理念(nian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)凝練。它覆蓋社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)道(dao)德生活的(de)(de)(de)(de)各個領域,是(shi)(shi)公(gong)民(min)(min)必須恪守的(de)(de)(de)(de)基(ji)(ji)本(ben)道(dao)德準(zhun)則,也(ye)是(shi)(shi)評價公(gong)民(min)(min)道(dao)德行(xing)為(wei)選擇的(de)(de)(de)(de)基(ji)(ji)本(ben)價值標準(zhun)。愛(ai)國(guo)(guo)是(shi)(shi)基(ji)(ji)于(yu)個人(ren)(ren)對自己(ji)祖國(guo)(guo)依賴關系(xi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)深厚(hou)情感,也(ye)是(shi)(shi)調節個人(ren)(ren)與祖國(guo)(guo)關系(xi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)行(xing)為(wei)準(zhun)則。它同社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義緊密(mi)結(jie)合在一(yi)起,要求(qiu)人(ren)(ren)們以(yi)振興(xing)中(zhong)華為(wei)己(ji)任,促進民(min)(min)族(zu)團(tuan)結(jie)、維護祖國(guo)(guo)統(tong)(tong)一(yi)、自覺報效祖國(guo)(guo)。敬(jing)業是(shi)(shi)對公(gong)民(min)(min)職業行(xing)為(wei)準(zhun)則的(de)(de)(de)(de)價值評價,要求(qiu)公(gong)民(min)(min)忠于(yu)職守,克己(ji)奉公(gong),服務(wu)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min),服務(wu)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui),充分(fen)體現了社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義職業精神。誠(cheng)(cheng)信即誠(cheng)(cheng)實(shi)守信,是(shi)(shi)人(ren)(ren)類社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)千百(bai)年傳(chuan)(chuan)承下來的(de)(de)(de)(de)道(dao)德傳(chuan)(chuan)統(tong)(tong),也(ye)是(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義道(dao)德建設的(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)點(dian)內容,它強(qiang)調誠(cheng)(cheng)實(shi)勞動、信守承諾、誠(cheng)(cheng)懇待(dai)人(ren)(ren)。友善(shan)(shan)強(qiang)調公(gong)民(min)(min)之(zhi)間應互相(xiang)(xiang)尊重(zhong)(zhong)、互相(xiang)(xiang)關心、互相(xiang)(xiang)幫助,和睦友好,努力形成社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義的(de)(de)(de)(de)新型人(ren)(ren)際關系(xi)。


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